Donato di Niccolo di Betto better known as Donatello was an Italian sculptor and one of the most influential artists of the 15th century, during the early Renaissance period, were culture was born again and began to take a bigger emphasis on the great classics.It is speculated that he was born around 1386, in the city of Florence, and in 1466 he died being eighty years old. The nickname “Donatello” was given to him by his family and friends. Being twenty years old , he began to practice and began to adopt a Gothic style into his work. Donatello’s techniques in sculpture were unique in style, and are imitated nowadays by sculptors.He also persuit a big interest in Roman ruins, and in the process of studying he developed a humanist point of view. During his life, he never got married, and had no children. In Florence he owned a shop, where he exposed his sculptures. Even the city gave the funds to Donatello for his famous sculpture of David. Part of his point of view was a realistic approach of life, that made him hard to work with other artists and people of that time.
Having the opportunity to learn and receive education in the house of the Martellis, which were a Florentine influential family, made Donatello have a first encounter with art. Part of his education in there was the fabrication of certain elements and metals. Supposedly, part of his learning on Rome ruins, was a trip he made to Rome to study classical art with his close friend, and also artist Filippo Brunelleschi. The majority of his masterpieces are “Magdalen and Angel with Tambourine”, “St. Peter”,”Herod’s Feast”, and of course the sculpture of David, which was a boy dressed with a hat and boots, and is well known for being a Bible hero. This precise statute is recognized for his proportions, and constructed with bronze. It is even said that the powerful Medici family took this sculpture and place it in the center of their palace.
The David made of bronze is without doubt my favorite work of Donatello, because it is a sculpture of its own, since I have never seen a work with such well made details, that made me think the sculpture is very real. Perhaps it is his realistic perspective on life, that made Donatello be so precise and take every detail into consideration, and then transmitted into a structure that made it look with a touch of realism. Donatello´s understanding and view of classical elements of art made his works be simple, but with a personal technique that translated into embellishing sculptures. I like Donatello´s simplicity in his masterpieces, however in that simplicity I find that there is a more profound and passionate artist that reflected that into very very detailed techniques in his sculptures. Also part of my appreciation of Donatello’s art is his use of marble and bronze, which I consider are two elegant materials to work with, because you can see details and expressions more clearly and vivid. In the sculpture of David, Donatello was courageous and followed his knowledge and used classical aspects, and made this sculpture half naked, emblematic and influential during the Renaissance period.
Andrew. (n.d.)Retrieved March 15th of 2017 from http://www.yesnet.yk.ca/schools/projects/renaissance/donatello.html
(n.d.) Retrieved March 15th of 2017 from http://www.artble.com/artists/donatello
“Donatello.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. . Retrieved March 15, 2017 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/donatello
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